Pushkin (Tsarskoe Selo)

Pushkin (Tsarskoe Selo)

The town of Pushkin (former Tsarskoe Selo or Tzar Village) is one of the most picturesque suburbs of Saint Petersburg.

Its history dates back to the beginning of the 18th century. In 1723 the first palace for Empress Catherine I was built on this territory. Emprerors Alexander I, Nicholas II liked to spend time in Tsarskoe Selo. After the revolution of 1917 all the palaces and parks were nationalized and it became a children's health sanatorium, and it was renamed as "Detskoye Selo" (Children's village). Later in 1937 the town was given a new name, it was called "Pushkin" because of the annual celebrations of Pushkin's birthday in the town. During the WWII the town was completely destroyed, because it was just by the battle-front, and after the war the reconstruction was started. Today it is one of the most important cultural centre of Russia. A lot of tourists visit this place every year.

1. Catherine's Palace

The works were started in 1717 and the palace was known as "Stone Chambers of Catherine". Later in 1748 a famous architect Rastrelli started the reconstruction of the palace. The reconstruction lasted eight years. After the reconstruction there were huge celebrations devoted to this event. Empress Elizabeth was very impressed with the new palace. The palace became not only a place for balls and masquerades, but also a place where important political questions were solved. Later Catherine the Great also added some new chambers to the palace, being interested in antique culture. But this part of the palace was destroyed during the WWII. In 1918 the palace became a museum.

2. The Amber Room

The Amber Room at Tsarskoe Selo was considered to be the Eighth Wonder of the World. King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia presented the room as a diplomatic gift to Peter the Great in 1717, after Peter had admired it while a guest in Charlottenburg, Berlin. The Room was first installed in the Winter Palace, but in 1755 Empress Elizabeth ordered Francesco Rastrelli to move it to Catherine's Palace. During the Second World War occupying troops removed the amber panels in September 1941, and they were brought to Alfred Rode, head of the Konigsberg Art Museum in Kaliningrad. Part of the Amber Room was last seen on display in Konigsberg Castle. After the war all the efforts to find the Amber Room were unsuccessful. The revival of the Amber Room was started in 1979 and lasted till 2003, when it was opened for the visitors of the Catherine's Palace.

3. Catherine's Park

Catherine's Park is located in front of Catherine's Palace, it includes two types of planning - regular and landscaping. Catherine's Park is a wonderful work of the Russian gardening art from the 18th and 19th centuries, which combines the masterpieces of architecture and the beauty of the northern nature. The Regular part of the Park lies between the Catherine Palace, the Great Pond and the Cascade ponds. It was created in accordance with Rastrelli's design and constructed by the master gardener Y. Rekhlin. In the 1750's the park was decorated with numerous entertaining pavilions. The Landscaping Park was planned and designed in the second half of the 18th century and is located beyond the Cameron Gallery. During the same period of time, the Park was being filled with architectural designs which revived the forms of military monuments of ancient Rome and the style of the medieval buildings.

Opening hours:

daily from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Closed: on Tuesday, and on last Monday of each month
Timetable is subject to change without prior notice.

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